Egypt Attractions Span Centuries of History

Egypt Attractions are perfect for people who love seeing historical sights – and history is some of which Egypt has plenty! Here are the top five attractions in the Land of the Pharaohs, and they’re available to any visitor no matter how cheap their tour may be.

The Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx.

Pyramids of Giza

The Pyramids of Giza rank one of civilization’s greatest architectural feats, while the Great Pyramid of Giza has been one of the world’s top tourist attractions for centuries. It’s also the last survivor of the seven wonders of the ancient world. The Great Pyramid of Khufu (or Cheops) is one of three, the other two being the Pyramid of Menkaura and the Pyramid of Kafhre. Each pyramid is a tomb to a different pharaoh (king) of Egypt. The Sphinx, a leonine figure that is the world’s largest sculpture cut from one block of stone, stands in front of the pyramids. The Sphinx is known as Abu al-Hol, “Father of Terror,” in Arabic.


Medieval Cairo. The capital of Egypt is home to more than 16 million people. Amid its dusty, odiferous chaos, visitors flock to Medieval (Islamic) Cairo, a veritable warren of streets full of mosques, huge medieval gates Coptic churches, and exotic bazaars. Highlights include the Citadel and the Khan Al-Khalili bazaar, along with the Mosque of Mohammed Ali; the Ibn Tulun, one of the world’s largest mosques; and the Al-Azharmosque, which houses the world’s oldest university begun in 970AD.

Abu Simbel. Next to the Pyramids of Giza and the Great Sphix, Abu Simbel may be ancient Egypt’s most notable monument. Two temples built to honor the pharaoh Rameses II have been attracting tourist since the mid-19th century. To save it from destruction when the Aswan Dam was built, Abu Simbel was physically dismantled and moved 60 meters up a cliff. There the temples were reassembled in the exact same relation to each other and the sun. The Abu Simbel Festival in February and October showcases how natural light and architectural genius combine to light up the inner sanctum of the temples. Even the entertainment and food that accompany the festival pale in comparison to the sight.

Temples of Karnak. Michael Wood of the BBC History channel has described Karnak as resembling theme park for ancient Egyptian religion, with its depictions of nearly every Egyptian goddess and god during about 2,000 years. It’s no surprise that spectacular Karnak was ancient Egypt’s most important worship Karnak’s complex encompasses sanctuaries, kiosks, pylons and obelisks, all dedicated to the Theban gods. Above all, be sure to visit Hypostile Hall in the Great Temple of Amun.

Nile Felucca cruise

Felucca on the Nile photo by apdk
Felucca on the Nile photo by apdk

Sailing a Felucca down the Nile is an experience not to be missed when visiting Egypt. Feluccas are sailboats that have cruised the Nile for thousands of years. If time is short, there are sunset sails from Cairo or Alexandria or longer cruises that usually leave from Aswan. To get the most of your sailing experience, be sure that you trust and like your felucca captain before engaging him for a cruise.

For more information on Egypt attractions, visit these websites
Abu Simbel


Africa festivals

Getting around Egypt

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