How did the ancient egypt civilization and the ancient mesopotamia civilization help change the world?

How did the ancient egypt civilization and the ancient mesopotamia civilization help influence and change the world?


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7 comments to How did the ancient egypt civilization and the ancient mesopotamia civilization help change the world?

  • eternal

    These are the first two places where farming, food storage, and the building of cities took place…

  • Travis A

    My knowledge of ancient Mesopotamia (Babylon, Assyria, ect.) is lacking.

    However, I used to be an EGYPT FREAK when I was in school.

    For over 5,000 years, Egypt, or as the Egyptians called it, Khemet-Land of the Black Sand-dominated the region. With such a strategic posion like NE Africa, Egypt had inluence on many cultures such as Greece and later Rome. The Alphabet we normally attribute to Rome had it’s roots in Ancient Egyptian Heiroglyphics.

    The long "A" in Heiroglyphics was represented with an Ox head. Turn the "A" upside down, add eyes, and use your imagination. I do not feel like typing all the remeblences, but there are many.

    If the Bible is to be believed, Egypt had a massive impact on the world as the rulers over Isreal for many years. Of course, you have the story of Moses, among many other.

    Religiously, Osiris evolved into Zeus, Isis into Hera, Ra into Hercules, and Seth into Hades. Seeing Egypt’s stability as an Empire had a profound impact on Greece, which took many aspects of Egyptian Civilization.

    However, Greece was not to outlast Egypt, that would fall to the Romans. With Cleopatra’s suicide, Egypt as an independent nation would have to wait hundreds of years and switch hands with Persia, The various Kaliphs the Ottoman Empire and Great Britian.

    However, ancient Egypt still lived on with the very Empires that dominated it for so many years.

    Western societies structure owes much to Ancient Egypt, as it influnced Greece, which influenced Rome, which of course, influenced the West.

  • Mathilda

    Not that much.

    The Egyptians figured out how to make bronze, but that seeem to be the only founder technology they can claim. Farming started in Turkey, as did stone building construction (Gobekli Tepe). Copper working started in the Balkans, iron in Turkey. Writing and maths are looking more likely to have come from SE Europe, as several examples of runic a script way over 8,000 years old have been found in Bulgaria.

    Everyone keeps trying to claim these two civilisations invented everything, it’s not true. Egypt was one of the last countries around the med to start using metal tools. I think Sumeria invented the potters wheel, but the wheel was used for transport in the Ukraine first.

    They seem to have had more of a religious effect. The circumcision tradition of the muslims and jews comes from the Sudan via Egypt, and the word Messiah is from the Egyotian word ‘to annoint’ (with crocodile fat, I think). Most Judeo Christian myths evolved out of the ancient near Eastern pantheons.

  • Tamara B

    This question is too broad for anyone to answer in a brief email.

    A book I recommend is: "Egypt, Trunk of the Tree" by Simson Najovits

  • Jessica

    Sorry to correct you Mathilda but the Egyptians were not the first to create bronze. The Mesopotamians created the science of metallurgy which is separating metals from the ores and then worked or treated them to create object. Technicians discovered by combining copper and tin it created a material with enormous strength and durability known as bronze.

  • zindadilpakistan from Indus Civilization

    One of the oldest civilizations in the world, the Indus Valley civilization flourished over 5,000 years ago in most areas now in Pakistan. Fossilized remains of Stone Age man have also been discovered in the Chakwal district of the Punjab province of Pakistan. Greeks, Persians, Afghans, Turks, Scythians and armies from Central Asian Countries invaded India-Pakistan over the centuries. Invasion by the Arabs brought Islam to the region, which expanded during the Mughal Empire in the 15th and 16th centuries. The British ruled the region during the 18th century and when they were being forced to leave they divided India in 1947 into two independent countries India and Pakistan. India, Pakistan have never enjoyed good neighborly relations and have fought two wars in 1965 and 1971. The 1971 war resulted in the breaking away of East Pakistan and formation of Bangladesh. Both India and Pakistan got involved in a nuclear arms race with India testing its nuclear weapons and Pakistan retaliating with its own tests in 1998. Since the 2008 Mumbai terrorists attacks India-Pakistan relations dropped to rock bottom and only recently some small steps have been taking in bettering relationship.

    Indus Civilization:

    In many ways the Indus civilization was very advanced. It’s great cities with good streets, fine houses, drainage and water systems, police, stable government and peace and prosperity were better than anything that followed in the subcontinent for the next 3000 years. During the same period, those very things existed in civilizations in the Fertile Crescents, Egypt, Crete, and China.

  • One of the oldest civilizations in the world, the Indus Valley civilization flourished over 5,000 years ago in most areas now in Pakistan. Fossilized remains of Stone Age man have also been discovered in the Chakwal district of the Punjab province of Pakistan.

    In many ways the Indus civilization was very advanced. It’s great cities with good streets, fine houses, drainage and water systems, police, stable government and peace and prosperity were better than anything that followed in the subcontinent for the next 3000 years. During the same period, those very things existed in civilizations in the Fertile Crescents, Egypt, Crete, and China.

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