7 thoughts on “How did the Suez Canal impact the history of Egypt and the world?

  • October 18, 2010 at 10:46 pm
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    The major impact was it made trade between Europe , the far East & Asia much more viable & safe…

    Without it the voyage was a lot longer & more perilous …

  • October 18, 2010 at 10:46 pm
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    That’s an essay question needs a quite long answer. I will try to make some points you can check if you study it seriously.

    1- The geographical effect to isolate the Sinai peninsulas
    2- The geopolitical change and worked as a natural difficult barrier against invasions from the east side
    3- The economic and social effects during the digging and before the opening of the project. About 200 thousands of Egyptian workers died either for bad working conditions or diseases attacked them during work. Most of them were taken by force from their village and land which means plants, families, incomes were all effected. later there were many widows also for the same reasons. Most of the resources in the country were used or freezed for the sake of the Suez Canal project.
    4- The economic effect during the opening when the ruler of Egypt borrowed a lot of money to make a historical opening and invited many kings and emperors of the world. New cities were made and roads were built specially of the event. Even operas and music were made specially for the even. I think Verdi’s Aida were for that event. (not sure)
    5- The economic and social effect after the Canal was opened. Sea of debts or a lot of debts, many kinds of production was stopped. All returns and income were not going to Egypt and no compensation for the deaths. The new path attracted most of the boats that brought new goods, new ideas, new people commercial ideas and concepts. Check the effect of a new trade route on any country.
    6- As it was a good profitable project, it attracted many governments and financial institutes to invest and own shares which was later part of the political pressure and control by England, France mainly and others

    The impact on the world is another complete story. Prices changed, military equipments can be transfered easier in a shorter time, connection of secure colonized bases and main centers of colonization. It helped the development of the world biggest economies while Egypt developed culturally more than economically.

    Around the canal in 1956 there was a conflict when England, France and israel attacked Egypt then later it was growing to be a nuclear confront between the 2 major powers of the world. You can find the story with all details very easy.
    Later it worked also as the most difficult military water barrier to cross. It was the same meaning when the Egyptians could pass it successfully and defeated their enemy behind it on the east side in the 6th of October 1973.
    The income helped Egypt to build the high dam in Aswan which indirectly helped to develop Egypt with the supply of power and organizing irrigation and cultivation.

    I hope I helped

  • October 18, 2010 at 10:46 pm
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    Add to Aussie’s answer that it it gave us a strategic location.

  • October 18, 2010 at 10:46 pm
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    It made trade and transportation much easier.

  • October 18, 2010 at 10:46 pm
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    Thanks to suez canal . Egypt now is controlling 8% of world wide navigation .

    peace 🙂

  • October 18, 2010 at 10:46 pm
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    Recommended reading: "Pearson’s Prize: Canada and the Suez Crisis" by John Melady. This book gives helpful background to the canal before moving on to describe the events leading up to, during, and conclusion of the Suez Crisis. I found the first chapter a little slow, but the rest of the book quite engaging – enjoyable and informative! I hope this helps! – Tim.

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