5 thoughts on “Were learning about ancient egypt lately and i cant figure this one out. Can anyone help?

  • September 23, 2010 at 1:14 pm
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    The people you are referring to were the Hyksos expansionists who joined allegiances with some of the powerful families of the Sais region of the delta to occupy Egypt during the Middle Kingdom and it was not until the rule of Ahmose in the New Kingdom that they were finally driven out of the country.
    They brought with them a lighter and more maneuverable war/hunting chariot which the Egyptians adopted for their use in warfare.
    You many find these links handy, they will give you a very good insight into the Hyksos invasion and occupation
    http://www.ancientegyptonline.co.uk/hyksos.html
    http://touregypt.net/featurestories/hyksos.htm

  • September 23, 2010 at 1:14 pm
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    do you mean the Hyksos

  • September 23, 2010 at 1:14 pm
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    They were Asian tribes who infiltrated in Egypt and then grouped themselves. They are called the Hyksos. They entered the Egyptian temples and destroyed the statues of Kings and gods. They lasted during the first intermediat period which is between the old and middle Kingdoms. When Ahmoses ( a King of the new Kingdom) came to power he decided to drive them out of the country, he chased them till the left from the eastern side and stayed there to make sure that they were not going to come back.
    They introduced the war chariot driven by horses that became very much in use afterwards.

  • September 23, 2010 at 1:14 pm
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    There were several Asiatic civilisations that invaded Egypt at different times.

    The Hyksos invaded at the end of the Middle Kingdom, a Semitic people who ruled for around 100 years before being driven out by Ahmose I circa 1550BCE. They introduced the composite bow and chariot into Egypt, which were adopted and improved upon by the Egyptians. The term Hyksos is based on Manetho’s description of them, and is believed to be a corruption of the generic term "Hekau-Khasut" used by the Egyptians to refer to foreign sovereigns. They also left a more indirect imprint in Egypt, in that they gave they left the 18th Dynasty Pharaohs with an interest in West Asian affairs, and ultimately tastes. Glass-work and Asiatic artistic decoration can be seen in some 18th Dynasty artifacts, following Egypt’s military push into the region to create a buffer zone.

    The Assyrians controlled parts Egypt between 676 and ~655BCE. They allied with the prominent delta rulers in Sais, who turned against the Assyrians and re-united Egypt, ushering in the 26th Dynasty and the Saite Renaissance. From this time onward we begint to see some use of Iron, so this may be due to Assyrian influence. Iron working never really took off in the Pharaonic era, however, and the Assyrians made a limited impact upon Egypt otherwise in terms of technology or art.

    The Persians conquered Egypt in 525 BCE, defeating the last Saite Pharaoh, Psamtik III. They ruled Egypt until 404 BCE and seem to have left a decidedly negative impact in the eyes of the Egyptians. They ruled Egypt as a Satrap (a province) and although were portrayed within Egypt as Pharaohs, ruled from afar, so again left fairly little impact in the cultural and technical fields.

    NOTE: Dates are aproximate.

    Recommended reading:
    Shaw, I – Oxford History of Ancient Egypt – General history of AE, including all occupations of the Pharaonic period.
    Newby, P H – Warrior Pharaohs – Looks at the war against the Hyksos and the founding of the New Kingdom.
    Wilkinson, T – Lives of the Ancient Egyptians – Has an interesting biography of a Hyksos ruler, Apepi, in the closing days of the Hyksos period.

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