5 thoughts on “What are some important contributions from Ancient Egypt?

  • October 19, 2010 at 12:26 am
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    Ancient Egypt’s economy was based on agriculture, and the rich bounty of its farmers depended on the Nile. In addition, the river’s waters and marshes were a source of fish and fowl, important parts of the ancient Egyptians’ diet. The fertile soil left by the Nile’s yearly receding floodwaters provided the means for growing a wide variety of grains, vegetables, and fruits. Two of the most important crops, emmer (a type of wheat) and barley, were used to make bread and beer, the staples of the diet. After the crops were harvested, the same fields served as grazing areas for herds of cattle, sheep, and other animals, which in turn served as sources of meat and dairy products.

    Farming the fields, tending livestock, hunting wildlife, and similar agrarian activities were the main duties of the majority of Egypt’s lower classes. These people used simple tools, such as hoes, sickles, threshers, winnowing fans, forks, and baskets. Laborers tilled the soil by their own efforts or used plows drawn by cattle or oxen. In addition to this agrarian work, the Egyptians developed associated industries, such as beer and wine making, textile production, leather tanning, woodworking, pottery making, and baking. A portion of the crops and animal products that the farmers produced served as the raw materials for some of these industries. A portion of all the goods produced was used for bartering in the marketplace, as there was no monetary system. Taxes consumed a large share of the total production.

    Much of the land was under the control of the throne or the temple, but private ownership also existed. Farmers who did not own land could lease private land, working the fields and keeping part of what they produced. Because so much depended on the Nile’s annual flood, the Egyptians sought to control as much of it as they could by constructing dikes, maintaining high walls, and digging irrigation channels. They also developed a simple mechanism to lift small amounts of water out of the channels and onto the fields. That device, called a shadoof, consists of a bucket set at one end of a counterweighted pole. It is still used today.

    Despite all their efforts to control the annual flood, the ancient Egyptians could not prevent problems. An inundation that was too high could result in damaging floodwaters. One that was too low might not provide sufficient water for irrigation.

  • October 19, 2010 at 12:26 am
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    A fun one would be Christmas trees. Egyptians started (or contributed) to that (google it). There are contributions to writing, mathematics, medicine, etc. There’s plenty of info out there. You can start here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Egypt#Legacy.

  • October 19, 2010 at 12:26 am
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    Agriculture i believe.
    although im not really positive , but some told me that agriculture was discovered by ancient pharaohs.

    one thing im positive about is : mummification.
    and yes another thing , they discovered Gold.

    That’s all I know , and remember , you can always google.

    Good luck

  • October 19, 2010 at 12:26 am
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    i don’t know what is contribution but maybe the sites on the source is helpful to you.click those sites and think if that is what you are finding for.

  • October 19, 2010 at 12:26 am
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    Trigometry and astronomy

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