Why is 3100 BC considered the start of history time of Ancient Egypt? There were upper Egypt and lower Egypt before 3100 BC.
People always consider Ancient Egypt started its civilization in 3100 BC.
But what’s the definition of civilization?
Were there cities and writing systems in Egypt before 3100 BC?

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Why is 3100 BC considered the start of history time of Ancient Egypt?

3 thoughts on “Why is 3100 BC considered the start of history time of Ancient Egypt?

  • September 12, 2010 at 10:03 am

    It’s generally considered to the start of the Egyptian civilization. I believe it’s the date of the 1st official Pharaoh.

    The delineation between History and prehistory is the invention of writing down events – Most likely 3100 BC has been chosen as the start of Egyptian civilization because that’s when the written records begin

    There is some evidence to show rudimentary writing prior to this date; I believe it was a type of record keeping on wine labels on pottery urns.


    The definition of civilization revolves around the establishment of "cities" but the definition city is flexible.

    How big does a city need to be? When does a large village become a city? Recent discoveries of ancient royal tombs indicate a ruling elite further back before 3100 BC, but written records haven’t been found, yet.

  • September 12, 2010 at 10:03 am

    Who considers that Egyptian history started in 3,100BC? Not me, and no Egyptologist I know of thinks that. When any particular history started is not an arbitrary decision any one, or any group of historians can make. It starts with any dated knowledge that becomes available.

  • September 12, 2010 at 10:03 am

    I see quite a controversy here,I am going to contribute with my own answer.
    Egyptian History started quite a bit before 3100 B.C. but of that time we have only pottery and some stone tools, we can go as far back as 4500 B.C.
    Now your statement is not totally wrong because the start of Egyptian History is very often counted from the start of the 1st Egyptian Dynasty. Even for particular moment in time there are three different opinions,the Low,Medium and High Chronology.The date you mentioned belongs to the followers of the Medium Chronology,the high would be 3400 B.C. and the Low 2800B.C.The writing system was Hieroglyphic which later developed into Hieratic and then Demotic.The language stayed virtually the same but the writing system became more simplified over a period of 3000 years.
    There were a lot of cities in Egypt,the two most important were Thebes (today Luxor) in the South and Memphis (neighborhood of Cairo).
    Upper and Lower Egypt existed since the start,it was in the South that the Unification took place under King Menes or Narmer (no confirmation if both names refer to the same King).
    Hope this will have answered some of your questions.

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